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R&D

논문

Investigation of heteroscedasticity in polygenic risk scores across 15 quantitative traits

작성자 : 멘델
작성일 : 2023-05-11 10:42:11
조회수 : 34
title : Investigation of heteroscedasticity in polygenic risk scores across 15 quantitative traits

 

Abstract : The polygenic risk score (PRS) could be used to stratify individuals with high risk of diseases and predict complex trait of individual in a population. Previous studies developed a PRS-based prediction model using linear regression and evaluated the predictive performance of the model using the R2 value. One of the key assumptions of linear regression is that the variance of the residual should be constant at each level of the predictor variables, called homoscedasticity.

However, some studies show that PRS models exhibit heteroscedasticity between PRS and traits. This study analyzes whether heteroscedasticity exists in PRS models of diverse disease-related traits and, if any, it affects the accuracy of PRS-based prediction in 354,761 Europeans from the UK Biobank. We constructed PRSs for 15 quantitative traits using LDpred2 and estimated the existence of heteroscedasticity between PRSs and 15 traits using three different tests of the Breusch-Pagan (BP) test, score test, and F test. Thirteen out of fifteen traits show significant heteroscedasticity. Further replication using new PRSs from the PGS catalog and independent samples (N = 23,620) from the UK Biobank confirmed the heteroscedasticity in ten traits. As a result, ten out of fifteen quantitative traits show statistically significant heteroscedasticity between the PRS and each trait.

There was a greater variance of residuals as PRS increased, and the prediction accuracy at each level of PRS tended to decrease as the variance of residuals increased. In conclusion, heteroscedasticity was frequently observed in the PRSbased prediction models of quantitative traits, and the accuracy of the predictive model may differ according to PRS values. Therefore, prediction models using the PRS should be constructed by considering heteroscedasticity.





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